Various approaches to the study of public administration

Various approaches related to the study of public administration. These can be classified in many respects. From one point of view, they can be classified into idealistic approach and secondly to sensory approach. The idealistic approach emphasizes what public administration should be like. There are talks of ideal in this. In contrast, the real administrative position is emphasized by the cognizant approach. It is clear that this classification has been done from the point of view of value and facts. The idealistic approach is valueistic while the empirical approach is only related to the element. Many of the classification related to the approach is based on the fact that the scholar concerned emphasizes something. Under public administration, the Various approaches public administration following terms are used –

1. Philosophical Approach

2. Legal Approach

3. Historical Approach

4. The Case Method Approach

5. Institutional Approach

6. Behavioural Approach

7. Psychological Approach

8. Bio-graphical Approach

9. Political Approach

10. Subject-matter Approach

1. Philosophical Approach

The philosophical approach is the oldest approach to the study of public administration. Philosophy in its broadest sense is the pursuit of intelligence and knowledge. Essays related to civil governance by Leviathan Lock, composed by Ganraj Hobbs, composed by Shantiparva Plato of Mahabharata. The field of philosophical approach is very wide. It covers all types of administrative processes at its periphery. The aim of this principle is to find out in administration what is present but which can change in future. How to change these changing environments must be the focus of these batons.

2. Legal Approach

The legal approach comes after the philosophical approach. But the legal approach is more ancient than the philosophical approach. This system is an approach. There is law and order in the approach. The legal approach originally permeated the European tradition. Public administration in Europe was developed to study law. Legal approach is the method of study of public administration. According to public administration, it has been divided into two parts 1. Administrative Law 2. Administrative Law has been divided into Constitutional Law. Administration is studied in administrative law. Whereas in constitutional law, the three parts of political and government are studied.

3. Historical Approach

The historical approach to the study of public administration is very ancient. The oldest public administration was studied through this medium. For example, the administration system of Ram Raj, the monarchy of Kautilya etc. In this approach, information was collected from the point of view of chronology and then it was explained. The historical approach was very popular in ancient times. The major successes of today’s administration will continue to guide the administration of tomorrow as history.

4. The Case Method Approach

The study of public administration of the individual method started around 1930 and has gained popularity since that time. The meaning of an event or a case is a description of the situation occurring in administration with all the conditions in its true context without distraction. It is a very sensitive method, as it attempts to restore the administrative realities and gives the learner the experience of the administrative system. David Waldo states that “the individual method approach is driven by the commitment of sociologist objectives and methods.” But it is influenced more by the traditional sensitivity of the humanities and by the behavioral interest of education than by research. ”The individual method is prevalent in public administration but has not yet been a major study approach. Gradually becoming popular in India. Therefore, it is necessary to be aware of its limitations. Through the first person approach, there is no success in living the life of the other person, that is, in thinking and understanding and behaving in the same way, the most important part of the second decision is related to the suffering and established. A second person cannot fully experience the pain and anxiety of a person. The other person cannot understand the pain he experiences while making the decision.

लोक प्रशासन के अध्ययन के लिए विभिन्न दृष्टिकोण

5. Institutional Approach

The institutional structural approach studies public administration in a formal manner. What is the formal structure of public institutions and what tasks have been given to them – these things are ascertained by the followers of this approach. Like the legal approaches, this is a very old approach. This is the oldest approach in the history of public administration. It is still the most popular approach in India. The biggest drawback of this approach is that it does not give an accurate knowledge of the behavioral form of an organization.

6. Behavioural Approach

Dissatisfaction with the institutional-structural approach increased, and as a result a behavioral approach was developed in the study of public administration. This approach was born in the fourth decade of this century. Its organization focused on the actual conduct and behavior of individuals and groups. This method has been described by Herbert A. Simon in his book Administrative Behavior. Public administration is also a major supporter of Robert A. Dale, Smithburg, Ricks, etc. Through this method public administration has emphasized the adoption of empirical approach. It is also called ‘social psychological’ method.

7. Psychological Approach

Traditionalist public administration scholars consider psychology a separate subject from public administration and politics. But modern public administration scholars understand the nuances of human psychology as essential for public administration studies. Those who follow this view say that administration is related to human behavior. Administrative problems can be solved by the mental state of people by their interpersonal behavior and their behavior, as psychology also studies human behavior. Hence administration or public administration is necessarily a problem of psychology. The use of psychological method in the administrative field was first started by Miss Faulette. It is quite popular in countries like America, Britain, France etc. In modern times, behaviorist thinkers are also advocates of this method.

8. Bio-graphical Approach

The life-style approach is closely related to the historical view of administration. Under this method, administration is studied as a record of the experience and work of famous or senior administrators in the past and the decisions taken by them or the implementation of policies made by them. These experience works, whether written by himself or others, have described his significant successes. Administration can be benefited by studying these administrative experiences or memoirs. Therefore it is also called memorial method. This method is more prevalent in America and Holland. Some such memoirs have been written in recent years in India, such as The Untold Story of Kaul, The Memoirs of the Civil Servant of Dharmaveer, Government Form Inside Gadgil’s Unfinished Innings by Madhav Gade Bole, The Insider of former Prime Minister Narasimha Rao, etc. .

9. Political Approach

Administration is a practical form of politics as well as a part of the political process. Hence, administration cannot be separated from the established political system in the country to meet the needs of healthy administration. Administrative problems always arise due to political problems because the administration implements or makes the decisions taken by the political executive. Thus the administrative structure functions as part of the political structure. Therefore, it can be said that administration is a political process in which the policies created and set by the political executive are implemented by the administration. John Gauss states in this context that “In our time the principle of folk also means the principle of political.

10. Subject-matter Approach

The content method is a new method in the field of public administration. Under this, general administrative principles are not studied. Special emphasis is given to the study of specific services or its programs. In many countries including India and England, this method has been used in the departments of police, education, defense, revenue determination and collection etc. These departments form the subject of study in different forms. In this, the complete content is studied as the basic basis. Problems of local administration in America are also studied by this method.

The conclusion

A question arises here. What is the best approach to the study of public administration? This question requires consideration. While considering this question, the students of public administration get swept away in the sense and get away from the truth because knowledge is true and there are many aspects of truth like diamonds which are not possible to study completely from any one approach. No one can satisfy various questions of curiosity. The same is true in relation to public administration. Therefore, the study of public administration is possible only with the coordination of Various approaches public administrations.

It is worth remembering that these approaches are not isolated and opposed to each other, but rather complement each other. Each approach has its utility in the context of the study. It is up to the ability of the study to choose the appropriate and best among these various approaches. Many scholars in India use one method of study as the criterion of learning. This situation is pathetic. It is true that in some areas one approach is more useful than the other. But the efficient use of various subject-related approaches public administration for best study depends on the ability of the learner.

1,516 thoughts on “Various approaches to the study of public administration

  1. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyways, just wanted to say excellent blog!

  2. One other thing I would like to state is that in place of trying to accommodate all your online degree tutorials on days that you end work (since the majority of people are worn out when they return home), try to get most of your lessons on the saturdays and sundays and only a couple of courses in weekdays, even if it means a little time off your weekend break. This is really good because on the weekends, you will be a lot more rested as well as concentrated with school work. Thanks a bunch for the different guidelines I have learned from your website.

  3. I simply wanted to send a word in order to say thanks to you for all the magnificent information you are posting at this site. My particularly long internet lookup has now been honored with pleasant ideas to write about with my good friends. I would state that that many of us visitors are very fortunate to live in a decent community with very many wonderful professionals with great secrets. I feel really blessed to have discovered your web page and look forward to tons of more entertaining minutes reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  4. Many thanks for sharing these kinds of wonderful content. In addition, the perfect travel as well as medical insurance program can often reduce those issues that come with vacationing abroad. Any medical emergency can quickly become extremely expensive and that’s guaranteed to quickly decide to put a financial load on the family finances. Putting in place the best travel insurance package prior to setting off is definitely worth the time and effort. Thanks

  5. I have realized that over the course of constructing a relationship with real estate proprietors, you’ll be able to come to understand that, in every real estate contract, a payment is paid. In the long run, FSBO sellers will not “save” the payment. Rather, they struggle to win the commission by way of doing a great agent’s task. In doing so, they commit their money along with time to perform, as best they are able to, the tasks of an realtor. Those obligations include displaying the home via marketing, introducing the home to all buyers, creating a sense of buyer emergency in order to make prompt an offer, scheduling home inspections, dealing with qualification assessments with the financial institution, supervising fixes, and assisting the closing of the deal.

  6. Thanks for your posting. One other thing is individual states have their particular laws that affect homeowners, which makes it quite difficult for the our elected representatives to come up with a new set of rules concerning foreclosure on property owners. The problem is that each state provides own laws which may interact in an undesirable manner in relation to foreclosure guidelines.

  7. Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog site in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog!

  8. Hey very nice blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your I’m happy to find so many useful info here in the post, we need develop more strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  9. Greetings from California! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I love the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, awesome site!

  10. Thanks for the interesting things you have discovered in your text. One thing I’d like to comment on is that FSBO relationships are built eventually. By bringing out yourself to owners the first end of the week their FSBO can be announced, ahead of the masses start out calling on Thursday, you build a good interconnection. By giving them resources, educational resources, free reviews, and forms, you become a good ally. Through a personal interest in them as well as their circumstance, you make a solid relationship that, oftentimes, pays off when the owners opt with a real estate agent they know along with trust – preferably you actually.

  11. I am really inspired together with your writing abilities as well as with the format to your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it your self?

    Either way stay up the excellent quality writing,
    it is uncommon to look a nice blog like this one today..

  12. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s equally educative and entertaining,
    and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The problem is something too few men and women are
    speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy I stumbled across this during my hunt for something relating to this.

  13. Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted
    to say that I have truly loved browsing your blog posts.
    In any case I’ll be subscribing in your rss feed and I’m hoping you write once more soon!

  14. Hi there! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa?
    My site discusses a lot of the same topics as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an email.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Superb blog by the way!

  15. I wish to express my thanks to you just for bailing me out of such a challenge. Just after surfing throughout the search engines and meeting suggestions that were not productive, I believed my entire life was well over. Existing without the presence of answers to the difficulties you have solved as a result of this blog post is a crucial case, and the ones that could have negatively affected my entire career if I hadn’t encountered the website. Your own personal competence and kindness in dealing with a lot of things was tremendous. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a stuff like this. It’s possible to at this time relish my future. Thanks very much for your professional and amazing help. I will not hesitate to propose your site to anyone who should receive guidelines about this topic.

  16. Research Paper Introduction Example And Sample

    What is the purpose of writing an essay? Brainstorming is solely done for creating different ideas, so make sure you are developing some interesting ideas otherwise there is no use of brainstorming for response essays and if in case you have been provided the supplementary resources then you will only have to take information and generate ideas from the material given.

    Academic essay writing may not be easy, and you will need essay writing help, click need help with essays, to have help in essay writing handled by professionals, or make your order through e-mail, or phone call. Make sure to put in the required time to polishing your essay so that examiners get the feeling that you’ve written it with utmost dedication.

    more tips here
    their explanation
    look at here now

    Argumentative Essay

    What is the purpose of writing an essay? When you use our site you receive essay writing help that is provided by qualified writers. The article was produced by the writer of Sharon White is a senior writer and writers consultant at Essay writing. Anytime a person arrives with a choice to produce funny essay or even essays that are entertaining, you need to comprehend irrespective of if the subject is certainly an apposite 1 to begin with.

    In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education Secondary students are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills; admission essays are often used by universities in selecting applicants, and in the humanities and social sciences essays are often used as a way of assessing the performance of students during final exams.

    The Purpose Of An Essay
    Essay On Causes Of Corruption And Its Remedies
    Baguio (Descriptive Essay)

  17. Thanks for all your hard work on this blog. Kim delights in engaging in research and it’s obvious why. I learn all about the compelling means you produce simple steps through this web blog and even strongly encourage participation from people on this situation plus our girl is without a doubt starting to learn a whole lot. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. You are always doing a really great job.

  18. My husband and i felt now comfortable Ervin managed to deal with his reports with the ideas he acquired while using the weblog. It is now and again perplexing just to always be giving freely helpful hints which usually the rest could have been making money from. And we already know we need the website owner to be grateful to for this. The most important explanations you’ve made, the straightforward blog navigation, the friendships you will make it easier to engender – it is most overwhelming, and it’s really making our son and us know that that subject is amusing, and that’s especially important. Thank you for all the pieces!

  19. My husband and i got quite glad that Michael managed to round up his survey because of the ideas he had through the web site. It’s not at all simplistic to just find yourself giving out tips and hints most people might have been trying to sell. And we all fully grasp we’ve got the blog owner to be grateful to because of that. All the explanations you made, the straightforward site navigation, the relationships you help promote – it’s got most fantastic, and it’s really making our son and us believe that the topic is exciting, and that’s extraordinarily serious. Thanks for the whole lot!

  20. Thanks for all your hard work on this blog. My niece really loves going through internet research and it’s obvious why. We hear all relating to the compelling form you present worthwhile things via your web blog and even welcome participation from the others about this situation and my princess is without a doubt starting to learn a lot of things. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. Your carrying out a stunning job.

  21. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful
    information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  22. Fantastic blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.

    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for
    a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused ..
    Any tips? Kudos!

  23. I simply desired to thank you so much yet again. I do not know the things that I would have sorted out in the absence of the actual tactics shown by you over such area. It became the difficult scenario for me personally, however , seeing the specialized tactic you dealt with it forced me to cry over gladness. I will be thankful for the support and then hope you recognize what a great job you’re doing educating others via a web site. I am certain you haven’t come across all of us.

  24. I together with my guys have already been following the good tips and tricks from your web page while all of a sudden developed a terrible suspicion I never thanked the web site owner for those strategies. The men had been for this reason happy to study all of them and have now certainly been using these things. I appreciate you for really being considerably considerate as well as for selecting this form of very good topics millions of individuals are really needing to be aware of. Our honest regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  25. I together with my buddies ended up going through the nice pointers found on your web blog then the sudden developed an awful feeling I never thanked the site owner for them. The men happened to be consequently stimulated to see all of them and have in effect very much been loving those things. Appreciate your indeed being considerably thoughtful and also for choosing this sort of fantastic information millions of individuals are really eager to be aware of. Our honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  26. Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extremely marvellous opportunity to read critical reviews from this site. It is often so lovely and jam-packed with fun for me personally and my office acquaintances to search your website nearly thrice in a week to read through the latest items you have. Of course, I’m usually motivated considering the eye-popping tactics you serve. Some 3 points in this post are indeed the most efficient we have all had.

    – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

    1- Senin için yorum backlink yapabilirim.

    2- I can comment backlink for you.

    3- Ich kann den Backlink für Sie kommentieren.

    4- Я могу прокомментировать обратную ссылку для вас.


    – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

    WhatsApp = +9 0422 606 06 30
    Mail = [email protected]

    Google Search = Seo Bayi

  28. Great goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just too wonderful.
    I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what
    you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining
    and you still care for to keep it sensible. I cant wait to read
    far more from you. This is actually a great website. adreamoftrains website host

  29. Great blog here! Also your site loads up fast! What web
    host are you presently using? Should I get the affiliate hyperlink to your host?
    If only my website loaded as quickly as yours lol

    Feel free to surf to my page; CarinLWitkop