पौंधो के लिए उचित तापमान एवं वर्षा

पौंधो के लिए उचित तापमान एवं वर्षा

पौंधो के लिए उचित तापमान एवं वर्षा

पौंधो के लिए उचित तापमान एवं वर्षा भारत न केवल सांस्कृतिक रूप से, बल्कि मृदा प्रोफ़ाइल और जलवायु के मामले में भी एक विविध देश है। यही कारण है कि भारत में विभिन्न प्रकार की खाद्य और नकदी फसलें उगाई जाती हैं। इस लेख में हम भारत की मुख्य फसलों और उनके लिए आवश्यक तापमान, बारिश और मिट्टी की एक सूची देते हैं, जिसका उपयोग कई प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं की तैयारी में अध्ययन सामग्री के रूप में किया जा सकता है।

पौधों को बनाए रखने के लिए प्रकाश एक आवश्यक कारक है। वृद्धि की दर और पौधे के सक्रिय रहने की अवधि उसे प्राप्त होने वाले प्रकाश की मात्रा पर निर्भर करती है। प्रकाश ऊर्जा का उपयोग प्रकाश संश्लेषण में किया जाता है, जो पौधे की सबसे बुनियादी चयापचय प्रक्रिया है। पौधों की वृद्धि पर प्रकाश के प्रभाव का निर्धारण करते समय विचार करने के लिए तीन क्षेत्र हैं: तीव्रता, अवधि और गुणवत्ता

प्रकाश की तीव्रता

प्रकाश की तीव्रता पौधे के भोजन, तने की लंबाई, पत्ती के रंग और फूल के निर्माण को प्रभावित करती है। सामान्यतया, कम रोशनी में उगाए जाने वाले पौधे हल्के हरे पत्तों वाले नुकीले होते हैं। बहुत तेज रोशनी में उगने वाला एक समान पौधा छोटी, बेहतर शाखाओं वाला होता है, और इसमें बड़े, गहरे हरे पत्ते होते हैं।

पौधा                                तापमान 0o C                                       वर्षा cm

चावल                               20C-27C                                         75-200

गेहूँ                                   15C-25C                                         50-75

बाजरा                              25C-35C                                         50-79

जौ                                   15C-25C                                         70-100

चना, दलहन                       15C-25C                                         30-50

मक्का                               25C-30C                                         50-100

ह्यूस्टन लाइव अपडेट में मोदी: हाउडी से पहले कश्मीरी पंडित, सिख प्रवासी भारतीयों से मिले मोदी

चाय                                 24C-30C                                         150-more

कहवा                               10C-27C                                         150-250

तम्बाकू                             16C-40C                                         50-100

कपास                              20C-40C                                         50-100

रेलवे विगत वर्षो के प्रश्न “लाभ-हानि”

35 thoughts on “पौंधो के लिए उचित तापमान एवं वर्षा

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