Nature of Public Administration
There are two ideas about the nature of public administration, namely, comprehensive and managerial.
According to the integral vision, ‘administration’ is the sum total of all activities (manual, administrative, administrative, etc.) that are done to fulfill the objectives of the organization. With this view, government and heads of state constitute public administration, from caretakers to secretaries to government officials. Henry Fayol and L.D. White is in favor of this opinion.
According to the management approach to administration, the management activities of the people involved in the planning, organization, command, coordination and control of public administration constitute public administration. This approach treats management how to get things done and not get things done. Luther Gulick, Herbert Simon, Smithburg and Thompson are advocates of this view. The management approach excludes public administration from non-management activities such as manual, administrative and technical activities.
The two approaches differ from each other in many ways. According to Pro. M.P. Sharma, the difference between the two opinions is fundamental. The broader approach involves the activities of all those involved in administration, while the management approach is more than just the activities of a few individuals. The integral view reflects all types of activities, from manual to managerial, not technical to technical, whereas the managerial view takes into account only management activities in an organization. Furthermore, governance will vary from one region to another depending on the subject according to the broader viewpoint, but will not be so from a management point of view as management approaches are identified from the field of management techniques.
The difference between two views is related to the difference between administration and operation, or we can say between doing and doing things. However, the true meaning of the word administration depends on the context in which it is used. Dimock, Dimock and Koening summarize in the following words:
“As a study, public administration examines every aspect of the government’s efforts to enforce laws and make public policies effective; as a process, between all these time taken by the jurisdiction of the executing agency There are steps taken and the final rest (but also the involvement of that agency, if any, in the construction program) and as a company, a public agenda Ministers organizes and directs the activities of others. “