किशोर शिक्षार्थी को समझना

किशोर शिक्षार्थी को समझना

किशोर शिक्षार्थी को समझना

किशोर शिक्षार्थी को समझना शब्द ‘किशोरावस्था’ लैटिन क्रिया “किशोरावस्था” से आया है, जिसका अर्थ है ‘बढ़ना’। इसलिए किशोरावस्था शब्द का सार विकास है और यह इस अर्थ में है कि किशोरावस्था बच्चे के शारीरिक, मानसिक, सामाजिक और भावनात्मक जीवन के लगभग सभी पहलुओं में गहन विकास और परिवर्तन की अवधि का प्रतिनिधित्व करती है। किशोरावस्था यौवन की शुरुआत के साथ शुरू होती है और वयस्कता की शुरुआत तक रहती है। इस अवधि के दौरान कई शारीरिक और मनोवैज्ञानिक परिवर्तन होते हैं। कोल के अनुसार, किशोरावस्था शरीर की सभी प्रणालियों में वृद्धि की अवधि है। कुछ वर्षों के दौरान व्यक्ति आकार और उसके आंतरिक शरीर रसायन विज्ञान दोनों से गुजरता है। इन विकासों की दृढ़ता, विविधता और बल अद्भुत हैं। परिवर्तन इतने व्यापक हैं कि कुछ लोग इसे दूसरे जन्म के रूप में कहते हैं। स्टेनली हॉल ने इस अवधि को “तूफान और तनाव की अवधि” के रूप में कहा है जब व्यक्ति अनिश्चित, अस्थिर और अप्रत्याशित है।

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVQ0T-bQEtg

संज्ञानात्मक विकास

सीखने वाला किशोर

किशोरों को आमतौर पर एक समरूप समूह के रूप में माना जाता है, फिर भी उन्हें लिंग, जाति, वर्ग, भौगोलिक स्थिति (शहरी / ग्रामीण) और धर्म के आधार पर स्तरीकृत किया जा सकता है। किशोरों में श्रेणियों का एक पूरा सरगम भी शामिल है। स्कूल और गैर-स्कूल जाने वाले, बहिष्कृत, यौन शोषण वाले बच्चों, काम करने वाले किशोरों को भुगतान और अवैतनिक, अविवाहित किशोरों दोनों के साथ-साथ पिता और मातृत्व के अनुभव के साथ विवाहित पुरुष और महिलाएं। किशोर इलेक्ट्रॉनिक मीडिया के प्रभाव के कारण हैं, भारतीय किशोर वैश्वीकरण से अप्रभावित नहीं रह सकते हैं। फिर भी, भारतीय किशोरों की रुचियों, आकांक्षाओं और दृष्टिकोणों का पालन करना असंभव है, हालांकि इसे सामान्य बनाना बहुत मुश्किल है क्योंकि काउंटी और इसकी बहुवचन संस्कृति की विशालता के कारण कई उप समूह हैं। किशोर शिक्षार्थियों की विशेषताओं को संज्ञानात्मक प्रगति और विकास के इस चरण के साथ आने वाले विशिष्ट सामाजिक अनुभवों द्वारा आकार दिया जाता है।

32 thoughts on “किशोर शिक्षार्थी को समझना

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