The opinions of L.D. Whites and traditionalists, on the one hand, and those of Gullick and the school of scientific management, on the other, differ in terms of the nature and scope of Public Administration. Therefore, we must understand several perspectives on the scope of Public Administration.

Scope of Public Administration

The following are the three important perspectives on the scope of Public Administration.

1. Narrow perspective or post-record perspective.

2. Wide perspective or view of the topic.

3. Prevailing view.

1. Narrow perspective or post-record perspective –

Luther Gullick is the main exponent of this perspective. According to him, the scope of public administration is limited or limited. It is also considered as post-record view. He insists that the Public Administration deals only with those aspects of the administration that are related to the executive branch and its seven types of administrative functions.

These seven types of functions that show the scope of the Public Administration are the following:

1. “P” means planning

2. “O” means organization

3. “S” means staffing.

4. “D” means Directing.

5. “Co.” means Co-ordination.

6. “R” means Reporting

7. “B” means Budgeting

1. “P” means Planning –

Planning is the first step of public administration. that is to say, elaborate the general scheme of the things that must be done.

2. “O” means organization –

It means the establishment of the formal authority structure through which the work is subdivided, organized and coordinated for the defined objective.

3. “S” means staffing

It means the hiring and training of staff and the maintenance of favorable working conditions for staff.

4. “D” means Directing

It means the continuous task of making decisions and embodying them in specific and general orders and instructions, and thus guiding the company.

5. “Co” means Co-ordination

It means interrelated the various parts of the organization, such as branches, divisions, sections of work and the elimination of overlap.

6. “R” means Reporting

It means informing the authority to which the executive is responsible for what is happening.

7. “B” means Budgeting

It means accounting, tax planning and control.


POSDCORB The perspective on the scope of public administration is limited and limited. He highlighted the tools of the Public Administration. It does not show the substance of the administration. It is a technique oriented perspective, not a theme oriented.

2. Broad perspective or subject-oriented perspective: –

Prof. Woodrow Wilson, L D While they are leading exponents of this perspective. They have adopted a very broad approach to the scope of Public Administration.

According to them

1. The Public Administration covers the three branches of government. Legislative, Executive and Judicial and their interrelation. The legislative body makes the laws, the executive body of the government implements the laws. And the government judicial body interprets the laws. There is an interrelation between these three organs.

2. The scope of public administration is like a cooperative group. It consists of everyone, from class one officers to class four employees.

3. Public administration is part of the political process. It has an important role in the formulation of public policies at all levels, from national to grassroots. It is closely associated with numerous private groups and individuals in providing services to the community. It has been influenced in recent years by the approach of human relationships.

3. Prevailing view.

The prevailing view divides the scope of the Public Administration into two parts.

1) Administrative theory

2) Applied administration

Nature of Public Administration

1. Administrative theory –

It includes the following aspects.

a) Organizational theory –

The structure, organization, functions and methods of all types of public authority dedicated to the administration, whether national, regional or local and executive.

b) Behavior –

The functions of the administrative authorities and the various appropriate methods for the different types of functions. The various forms of administration control.

c) Personal public administration –

Problems related to staff, p. recruitment, training, promotion, retirement, etc. and problems related to planning, research, information and public relations services.

2. Applied administration –

It includes the following aspects: –

a) Political functions –

It includes the executive – legislative relationship, the administrative activities of the cabinet, the minister and the permanent official relationship.

b) Legislative function –

It includes delegated legislation and the preparatory work done by the officials in relation to the elaboration of the bills.

c) Financial functions –

It includes total financial administration from budget preparation to execution, accounting and auditing, etc.

d) Defense – Functions

It is related to the military administration.

e) Educational function –

It includes functions related to the educational administration.

f) Social welfare administration –

It includes the activities of the departments related to food; housing, social security and development activities.

g) Economic administration –

It is concerned with the production and promotion of industries and agriculture.

h) Foreign administration –

It includes the conduct of foreign affairs, diplomacy, international cooperation, etc.

i) Local administration –

It refers to the activities of autonomous local institutions.


The modern state cannot limit its field of activities only to the maintenance of law and order, the dispensation of justice, the collection of income and taxes. The modern state is expected to provide more and more services and comfort to people. This results in tremendous growth both in government responsibly and in the state’s administrative machinery. Naturally, the scope of public administration is extended.


  1. sildenafil citrate generic viagra 100mg – viagra coupon
    viagra prescription tadalafil 20mg cialis price
    tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription cialis for daily use
    viagra side effects online viagra cialis dosage
    cialis for daily use tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription tadalafil 5mg
    generic cialis how much does viagra cost tadalafil citrate
    viagra generic sildenafil 20 mg tablet vs viagra viagra without a doctor prescription

  2. It’s a fortune El Mencho built up from trafficking routes spanning six continents, whereas getting cartel underlings to do his bidding. While a tragedy in its own right, cheap brand viagra that incident was also seen as dangerous to China’s export prospects. “He’s public enemy primary,” Paul Craine, who led the DEA in Mexico at the time of El Chapo’s arrest, informed the Mirror of El Mencho earlier this yr. Unlike El Chapo — whose prison escapes turned him right into a pantomime character — El Mencho is comparatively unknown internationally.

  3. WASHINGTON – In excessive-alpine meadows of the Tibetan Plateau, early May is an auspicious time to prostrate oneself on the loamy, viagra for sale prices reclining slopes and dig around for desiccated remnants of a medicinally hallowed caterpillar fungus. The extra threatened the fungi are by the encircling environment, the more they may make the most of mycotoxin manufacturing as a protecting weapon.

  4. The cyclists also significantly improved stroke volume (the volume of blood moved out of one ventricle of the heart per beat) and cardiac output (stroke volume times heart rate) compared to viagra pills click the following website viagra use this link the placebo trial. Ten cyclists who took sildenafil at altitude collectively lowered the time it took to cover six kilometers by 15% compared to placebo viagra my latest blog post trials at altitude.

    When you loved this article and you would want to receive details with regards to viagra prices visit the next web site please visit our own web-site.

  5. All you do is sign other people up in your “downline” and hope that they can also sign people buy viagra Suggested Website up under them. Just sign up viagra Get the facts two people. It’s the old “do what I do” pyramid viagra prices click the next website scheme again. L’arginine is a non essential amino acid produced by the body and critical for producing nitric oxide as you get older this amino acid declines, viagra pills go to website so does nitric oxide and so does your libido. It is an hormone released by ,ale perspiration but it is odourless and affects women just like a champagne bottle or a bunch of roses would affect her.

    When you adored this short article as well as you would like to be given details with regards to viagra online see post i implore you to check out our web site.

  6. The problem of impotence existed long before Viagra became available, and the various methods of treatments used before the days of Viagra is still an option. There are numerous benefits of purchasing generic Viagra medication such as Kamagra and Sildenafil tablets online. This medication functions through enabling the penis’ arteries to open wider in order to allow sufficient blood flow to the organ. Cialis is a medication which has been certified to treat erectile dysfunction, which is a chronic inability to keep erection process firm enough to sustain sexual intercourse. If you loved this posting and you would like to obtain much more details about cheap viagra kindly check out our own web page.

  7. Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will come back yet again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.