समन्वय क्या है

समन्वय क्या है?

समन्वय संगठन का एक महत्वपूर्ण सिद्धांत है। कोई भी संगठन समन्वय के बिना वांछित उद्देश्य को प्राप्त नहीं कर सकता है। एक नकारात्मक अर्थ में समन्वय का अर्थ है प्रशासन में संघर्ष और अतिव्यापीता को दूर करना। सकारात्मक अर्थों में इसका मतलब किसी संगठन के कई कर्मचारियों के बीच सहयोग और टीमवर्क को सुरक्षित करना है। चार्ल्स वर्थ के अनुसार “समन्वय के उद्देश्य को प्राप्त करने के लिए एक व्यवस्थित संपूर्ण में कई भागों का समन्वय है”। टेरी कहते हैं, “समन्वय एक-दूसरे के हिस्सों का समायोजन है और समय में भागों के आंदोलन और संचालन का है ताकि प्रत्येक पूरे के उत्पाद में अपना अधिकतम योगदान दे सके”।

एल. डी. व्हाइट के अनुसार, प्रभावी समन्वय अच्छे प्रशासन के लिए एक परम आवश्यक है ”।

इस प्रकार समन्वय का अर्थ है व्यवस्था बनाना ताकि संगठन के सभी हिस्से एक साथ परिभाषित लक्ष्यों की ओर खींचे, बिना दोहराव के, बिना अंतराल और संघर्ष के।

संगठन के सिद्धांत

समन्वय दो प्रकार के होते हैं और वे आंतरिक समन्वय और बाहरी समन्वय होते हैं। आंतरिक समन्वय का संबंध किसी संगठन में काम करने वाले व्यक्तियों की गतिविधियों के समन्वय से है और बाहरी समन्वय का संबंध विभिन्न संगठनात्मक इकाइयों की गतिविधियों के समन्वय से है। समन्वय को या तो स्वचालित रूप से या जानबूझकर प्रभावित किया जा सकता है। स्वचालित समन्वय केवल छोटे स्तर के संगठन में संभव है जहां संगठन के प्रमुख प्रत्येक और हर व्यक्ति को जानते हैं। जानबूझकर समन्वय को जबरदस्ती या स्वैच्छिक बनाया जा सकता है। संगठनात्मक पदानुक्रम के माध्यम से जोरदार समन्वय प्राप्त किया जा सकता है। वास्तव में किसी भी संगठन में समन्वय का बड़ा हिस्सा आपसी समायोजन और समझौते से स्वैच्छिक होता है। स्वैच्छिक समन्वय की कुछ महत्वपूर्ण तकनीकें हैं सम्मेलनों, संदर्भ परामर्श और मंजूरी, संगठनात्मक उपकरण जैसे कि इंटरडिपेक्टोरल समितियां, प्रक्रिया और विधियों का मानकीकरण, गतिविधियों का विकेंद्रीकरण और मौखिक और लिखित संचार।

प्लास्टिक से बना 18-कैरेट सोना

समन्वय का प्रतिरोध

समन्वय कठिनाइयों से मुक्त नहीं है। गुलिक के अनुसार कुछ परेशानियाँ निम्नलिखित कारकों से उत्पन्न होती हैं। 1) भविष्य की अनिश्चितता। 2) ज्ञान और अनुभव की कमी। 3) ज्ञान और अनुभव का अभाव। 4) नए विचारों और कार्यक्रमों को विकसित करने और अपनाने के क्रमबद्ध तरीकों का अभाव।

87 thoughts on “समन्वय क्या है?

  1. Efficiency of Cialis is proved. Clinical efficiency of Cialis is confirmed at thousands of medical centers, and also by the clinical trials conducted with participation of thousands of men. At present Cialis is used with success by many men in many countries worldwide. Is Cialis tested and effective drug? However, people should ensure that the herbs that they are using possess ingredients that could target their disease.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – buy cialis cheap

  2. Then Chris leaned a bit closer to the man with the cell phone. Seeing that information, Chris asked, “Can I to here for generic Cialis too?” “Yes,” said the cell phone owner. One issue to be aware of is that, in common with most drugs, Viagra can have side effects. Chris said. “Do you have a supplier here in Spain?” The man offered Chris a business card. On it Chris could read the address for a web site.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis generic

  3. 1979 – Roller blades are invented by Scott Olson. Good Saw Palmetto supplements are the ultimate erectile dysfunction pills. As it turns out Saw palmetto extract helps erectile dysfunction by inhibition of PDE-5 (phosphodiesterase 5). Research is showing that saw palmetto is a natural PDE-5 blocker much the same as the Viagra, Levitra, or Cialis. If Arginine and Citrulline help by increasing the production of nitric oxide, how do you reduce the enzyme PDE-5 naturally?

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis over the counter at walmart

  4. Taking this product according to instruction will not only help improve your erections. Unmistakably it’s hard to be careful; anyway when in doubt a single pill will work for four hours or so after association, with the most imperative effects noted one to two hours after ingestion. Although PDEs carry out only one reaction in cells, they inactivate small signaling molecules. If you have any queries about where by and how to use cialis canada, you can call us at the web-page.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – buy cialis online

  5. In all cases you will require sexual incitement notwithstanding when you have taken Cialis. It is suggested that you hold up a hour in the wake of taking your tablet, in spite of the fact that 30 minutes will be alright by and large. What further adds to it’s appeal are programmes like “The Cialis Promise” from Lilly ICOS which guarantees free trial with a rival drug in case Cialis does not work.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis buy india

  6. Sildenafil Citrate tablets are not recommended in patients with male erectile dysfunction with a previous episode of non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Pharmacokinetic data from patients in clinical trials showed no effect on sildenafil pharmacokinetics of CYP2C9 inhibitors (such as tolbutamide, warfarin), CYP2D6 inhibitors (such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants), thiazide and related diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – buy cialis generic

  7. Vidalista 40 mg Pills for Sale helps to achieve an optimal erection quickly, ensuring a pleasant and satisfying sexual relationship. To see more information about viagra.com visit the web page. Is there anything I can do? Everything you need to know about this product. Ayurveda is a holistic Ayurvedic treatment that is used to cure depression. Let me try to speak a little bit about your question on guidance of next year and then I will ask Frank to talk about, and then I will ask Michael Dawson to speak about pipeline.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – buy cialis generic tadalafil

  8. “We wanted to redefine what that actually means. What that means to us is someone who tackles their health head on. These serious risks are not common, but they are increased for those who are over 50 years of age, and those who smoke, have diabetes, high cholesterol, or heart disease. If you loved this article and you simply would like to obtain more info with regards to cialis for daily use generously visit our own site. Connective tissue problems – Problems such as Peyronie’s disease which affect the connective tissue of the penis may cause an overall loss in size, as well as extreme bending or curving of the penis and loss of erectile function.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis buy india

  9. Your doctor will prescribe a dose that’s right for you to overcome your erectile dysfunction (ED), inability to get or maintain an erection during sex. Sorry to hedge, but the recommended dose of Viagra http://www.ciaonlinebuy.us really depends, specifically on your age and how healthy you are. This effort has now evolved into the neuro-technology known as Brainwave Optimizationв„ў, which is produced and distributed by Brain State Technologies, with nearly 200 affiliate offices in 18 countries worldwide serving over 50,000 clients.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis buy online

  10. Back pain and muscle aches usually go away within two days. The most common side effects with Cialis are headache, indigestion, back pain, muscle aches, flushing and stuffy or runny nose. Ova cialis bestellen ohne rezept for communicating while in the ward facilities to urethra. Cialis for use as needed should be taken before sexual activity.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis buy cheap

  11. Women who have female sexual dysfunction symptoms are time and again inclined towards the exaggerated marketing tricks and schemes. If you adored this informative article and also you would like to receive more info relating to sildenafil 20 mg i implore you to stop by our web page. One of the most common factors that most of the ladies face when they search for women sexual enhancement supplements is the ingredients with which these supplements are made. To find one of the effective women sexual enhancement supplements can really be a challenge in some of the cases. Most of these women sexual enhancement supplements contain similar ingredients.

    https://www.ciaonlinebuy.us – cialis generic

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *