Administration, Organization and Management
The word “administration” is derived from the Latin word administere, which means “caring for or caring for people” to manage matters. The administration can be defined as “group activity in which the desired goals or objectives Cooperation and coordination aimed at achieving”.
In general terms, word management seems to have at least four different meanings or different meanings depending on the context in which it is used:
(1) As a discipline: – The name of a branch of learning or intellectual discipline as teaching and study in colleges and universities.
(2) As occupation: – The type of work / trade or profession / occupation, especially one that involves knowledge and training in an advanced education branch.
(3) As a process: – the sum of the total activities carried out to implement public policies or policies to produce certain services or goods.
(4) The word ‘synonym’ of executive or government: – Such other bodies of persons in the highest positions of affairs, for example, the Manmohan Singh administration, the Bush administration, etc.
Before discussing the meaning, definition, nature, scope and importance of public administration, we will try to find out what is administration, organization and management. Since these words are often used interchangeably and synonymously, it is worth knowing the differences and distinctions between these three words.
According to the administration of William Schultz, it is the force that gives the object for which an organization and its administration have to fight and under which to operate.
An organization is a combination of essential humans, materials, equipment, tools and workspace, an evaluation gathered in an orderly and effective correlation to achieve any desired object.
What is the management?
Management is essential for organized life and for executing all types of management. Good management is the backbone of successful organizations. Managing life means being done to achieve the goals of life and managing an organization means being done with and through other people to achieve their goals.
If management is art or science it will continue to be the subject of debate. However, most management thinkers agree that some type of formal academic training in management helps successful management. In practice, all CEOs are university graduates. Therefore, the reason for the inclusion of professional degree programs in all educational institutions.
Management is the one who directs the guides and directs an organization to achieve something predetermined.
To put the above in simple terms, the administration establishes the objectives, the administration tries to achieve it and the organization is the administration machine to achieve the objectives established by the administration.
Some academics have a different view of administration and management. According to Peter Drucker, management is associated with commercial activity, which must show economic performance, while management is associated with non-commercial activities, such as government activities.
The other opinion is that management is associated with doing routine things in familiar environments in accordance with certain procedures, rules and regulations. Management is associated with risk taking, dynamic, creative and innovative tasks, such as performance tasks.
Some public administration scholars are closely associated with previous approaches, namely that administration is a deterministic function. The administration, on the other hand, is an executive function that mainly deals with carrying out comprehensive policies established by the administration. The organization is the mechanism through which coordination between administration and administration is established.
What is an organization?
A social unit of people that is structured and manages to satisfy a collective need or goal. All organizations have a management structure that determines various activities and relationships between members, and provides roles, responsibilities and rights to perform different tasks. Organizations are open systems: they influence and are influenced by their environment.