Bangladesh makes its existence worthwhile

Bangladesh makes its existence worthwhile, 16 December 1971, exactly 48 years ago, a new nation Bangladesh emerged on the world map. This country, which was part of West Pakistan, came into existence as an independent country after a long struggle. India too played a meaningful and supportive role in the birth of this new country. Earlier Bangladesh was known as East Pakistan. Then the seeds of confrontation between East Pakistan and West Pakistan on the political and economic front fell during the language movement itself. East Pakistan did not run in the country’s rule. So resentment was natural among the residents there. In the year 1948, this argument increased when the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan announced that the national language of the country would be Urdu. The anger of the Bangladeshi people of East Pakistan, who were already angry on this, boiled over. After this, the struggle continued. Between 1958 to 1962 and between 1969 and 1971 East Pakistan remained under martial law. In Pakistan’s parliamentary elections in 1970-71, the Awami League of East Pakistan won a large number of seats and claimed to form the government, but Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan People’s Party got the word out. The democratic aspirations emanating from East Pakistan began to be crushed by military tyranny by the rulers of West Pakistan. The same sacrificial consciousness then appeared as an armed liberation struggle. Thus the liberation war started with the declaration of independence of Bangladesh on 26 March 1971. India supported the Bangladesh Liberation War against the repression of the Pakistani Army. General AK Niazi, who led the army of West Pakistan, finally conceded defeat and surrendered to Indian Army Commander Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Arora along with 93 thousand soldiers. It is also considered the largest military surrender in history. Thus, on 16 December 1971, this day is celebrated every year as Victory Day to commemorate the failure of the evil plans of West Pakistan.

Talk of Naihar and Maternal home!

However, Bangladesh emerged as a new country with the help of India, but a big and tough challenge was faced for the new nation’s Navnirman. Natural challenges such as widespread poverty, human resource shortage, limited natural resources, famine, cyclones and floods were also common. Despite all this, the freedom fighters dreamed of making Bangladesh a ‘country of gold’. When the song ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ by Rabindranath Tagore was made the national anthem of Bangladesh, the progress of the country was in the minds of the nation makers. Despite all the unfavorable conditions, Bangladesh has set an example for the world by its development. The country has achieved great success in reducing poverty, reducing the number of underweight children, increasing enrollment in primary schools, reducing infant mortality and maternal mortality. Last year, Bangladesh launched its first geostationary communications satellite, Bangabandhu-1 or BD.

Bangladeshi is better than all the South Asian countries in the Global Gender Difference Index presented by the World Economic Forum ie WEF. Such an index is usually calculated on the basis of four parameters including health, education, economy and politics to ascertain the status of gender equality in a country. Bangladesh ranked 48th in terms of gender equality in the year 2018, while India stood at 108th position. The two top leaders of the country are women as the current Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and former Prime Minister and prominent opposition leader Khaleda Zia. Bangladesh paid great attention to the employment of women, with economic and social empowerment. That’s why women account for 35 percent of the working class here, compared to only 28 percent in India.

Public Administration previous year solved paper JUNE 2007

Bangladesh’s exports increased from 6.7 percent in 2018 to 10.1 percent in 2019 due to the increasing capacity of domestic industries. The contribution of textile exports to its total exports is 84.2 percent. It has made considerable progress in readymade textile industry. Bangladeshi clothing is in great demand in developed markets like the US.

At the international level, Bangladesh has made its mark as an entrepreneurial country. Bangladesh has reached such a stage of development that it not only has investment potential in India, but is also inviting Indian companies to invest in it. A few months ago, Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina came as the chief guest at the India Economic Summit organized by the Economic Forum. There he invited Indian companies to invest in his country. Right now, many Chinese companies are making Bangladesh their destination. According to a World Bank report, Bangladesh’s economic growth rate is likely to be higher than other South Asian countries this year. Since 1990, Bangladesh’s economy has grown at a rate of four to five percent. In terms of purchasing power weighting, PPP, Bangladesh’s per capita income increased from $ 890 per capita in 1991 to $ 2,780 per capita in 2011. Needless to say that no country is powerful with its large area nor by its large population, but its growth speed itself reflects its strength. Bangladesh is setting the same example.

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