Coordination is an important principle of organization. No organization can achieve the desired goal without coordination. Negative coordination means eliminating conflict and overlapping governance. In a positive sense, it means ensuring collaboration and teamwork among many employees of an organization. According to Charles Worth “To achieve the purpose of coordination is the coordination of many parties in a systematic whole.” Terry says: “Coordination is the adjustment of parts to each other and the movement and operation of parts in time so that each one can make his maximum contribution to the product altogether.”
According to L. D. White, effective coordination is absolutely essential for good governance. ”
Therefore, coordination means making arrangements so that all parts of the organization sit simultaneously towards defined objectives, without repetition, without gaps and conflicts.
There are two types of coordination and they are internal coordination and external coordination. Internal coordination is related to the coordination of activities of people working in an organization and external coordination is related to the coordination of activities of several organizational units. Coordination can be done automatically or intentionally. Automatic coordination is only possible in small-scale organizations where the head of the organization knows each and every person. Intentional coordination can be made coercive or voluntary. Vigorous coordination can be achieved through the organizational hierarchy. In fact, most of the coordination in any organization is voluntary through adjustments and mutual agreements. Some of the important voluntary coordination techniques are conferences, reference consultations and approvals, organizational tools such as interdepartmental committees, standardization of processes and methods, decentralization of activities and oral and written communication.
Hindrance of Coordination
Coordination is not without difficulties. According to Gulik, some problems arise from the following factors. 1) Uncertainty of the future. 2) Lack of knowledge and experience. 3) Lack of knowledge and experience. 4) Lack of systematic methods to develop and adopt new ideas and programs.