Auditory Processing Disorder

श्रवण प्रसंस्करण विकार Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)

श्रवण प्रसंस्करण विकार Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)

प्रतिकूल रूप से यह प्रभावित करता है कि कान के माध्यम से बिना आवाज़ के यात्रा करने वाली ध्वनि को मस्तिष्क द्वारा कैसे संसाधित और व्याख्या किया जाता है ।

Auditory Processing Disorder Dutism

केंद्रीय श्रवण प्रसंस्करण विकार के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, यह एक ऐसी स्थिति है जो प्रतिकूल रूप से प्रभावित करती है कि कान के माध्यम से बिना आवाज़ के यात्रा करने वाली ध्वनि को संसाधित किया जाता है या मस्तिष्क द्वारा व्याख्या की जाती है । APD वाले व्यक्ति शब्दों में ध्वनियों के बीच सूक्ष्म अंतर को नहीं पहचानते हैं, तब भी जब ध्वनियाँ ज़ोर से और स्पष्ट रूप से सुनी जाती हैं । वे यह बताना भी मुश्किल कर सकते हैं कि ध्वनियाँ कहाँ से आ रही हैं, ध्वनियों के क्रम की समझ बनाने के लिए, या प्रतिस्पर्धी पृष्ठभूमि शोर को अवरुद्ध करने के लिए ।

महात्मा गाँधी के शैक्षिक दर्शन

संकेत और लक्षण Signs and Symptoms

  • भाषा-संबंधी कार्यों को संसाधित करने और याद रखने में कठिनाई होती है, लेकिन गैर-मौखिक पर्यावरणीय ध्वनियों, संगीत आदि की व्याख्या करने या याद करने में कोई परेशानी नहीं हो सकती है ।
  • अपने विचारों धीरे-धीरे संसाधित करें और उन्हें समझाने में कठिनाई हो ।
  •  गलत वर्तनी और मिस-समान शब्दों या गलत शब्दों के उच्चारण को गलत साबित करता है; भ्रमित करने वाले समान शब्द (सेलेरी / वेतन; बेल्ट / बिल्ट; थ्री / फ्री; जैब / जॉब; बश / जॉब) आदि ।
  • आलंकारिक भाषा (रूपक, उपमा) या गलतफहमी की सजा और चुटकुलों से भ्रमित हो सकते हैं; शब्दों की वस्तुतः व्याख्या भी करता है
  • अक्सर पृष्ठभूमि ध्वनियों / शोर से विचलित होता है ।
  • ध्यान केंद्रित करने या मौखिक प्रस्तुति या व्याख्यान याद रखने में मुश्किल होता है ।
  • गलत व्याख्या करना या मौखिक निर्देशों को याद रखने में कठिनाई हो सकती है; एक श्रृंखला में दिशाओं का पालन करने में कठिनाई भी हो सकती है ।
  • जटिल वाक्य संरचना या तेजी से भाषण समझने में कठिनाई होती है ।

रणनीतियाँ Strategies

  • समझाने के बजाय दिखाओ
  • अधिक अक्षुण्ण इंद्रियों के साथ अनुपूरक (दृश्य संकेतों, संकेतों, हैंडआउट, जोड़तोड़ का उपयोग करें)
  • स्पेस या दिशाओं को कम करें, “तैयार?” जैसे संकेत दें ।
  • मौखिक और / या लिखित निर्देशों को भ्रमित करने वाले को रिवॉर्ड या मदद करना
  • अमूर्त शब्दावली, शब्द मूल, समानार्थक शब्द / विलोम शब्द सिखाएं
  • स्वर की पिच और स्वर, परिवर्तन की गति, तनाव के प्रमुख शब्द
  • विशिष्ट प्रश्न पूछें जैसे कि आप यह समझना चाहते हैं कि क्या वे समझते हैं
  • उन्हें जवाब देने के लिए 5-6 सेकंड की अनुमति दें (“समय सोचो”)
  • छात्र लगातार अवधारणाओं, शब्दावली शब्दों, नियमों आदि को मौखिक रूप से बताएं।


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